The Yala National Park is the most visited and second largest national park in Sri Lanka. Currently it consists of five blocks, two of which are open to the public. The blocks have individual names, like Ruhuna National Park for block 1 (the most famous) and Kumana Yala national park or east to the adjacent area. It is located in the southeastern region of the country, in the provinces of Southern and Uva provinces. The park covers an area of 979 km² and is about 300 km from Colombo. Together with the Wilpattu National Park was one of the first two national parks of Sri Lanka, having been founded in 1938. The Yala park is known for its variety of wildlife; It has an important role in elephant conservation in Sri Lanka and waterfowl. Home to 215 species of birds including six species endemic to Sri Lanka. It also has the highest density of leopards in the world.
Among the most famous animals, at Yala National Park there are the Asian elephant (in its subspecies of Sri Lanka), the sloth bear (in the Sri Lankan subspecies), the spotted deer, wild boar, the gold (in the subspecies Canis aureus jackal nary), the peacock, langurs, the Asiatic wild buffalo and crocodile swamp.
The biggest predator of the park, which is also the apex predator of ‘island, and probably the biggest attraction of Yala, is the leopard, present with the endemic subspecies of Sri Lanka, the Sri Lankan leopard.